LESSON 2 - BARA ELOHIM
He created Elohim
#,r'a'h tea.w ~iy;m'V;h tea ~yihol/a a'r'B tyivaer.B
The second word of B'reshit is comprised of three consonants BRA and it is a root word in it's own right.
The first letter is "Bet" because of the "Dagesh Forte" in the middle of the letter and because it has a small "T" under it, known as "Qamets" which is vocalised as the vowel "a" as in "father", we have the syllable "ba".
Likewise, our second letter "Resh" has a "Qamets" so this syllable is pronounced as "ra".
We've already met the silent "Aleph" and there is no modifying pointing so this word is simply "ba.ra" - Bara - he created.
The third word of B'reshit is comprised of five letters, ALHYM, and is derived
from an unused three letter root ALH, related to the Arabic H;l'a - a.la - "to worship".
We have met the first letter "Aleph" twice before but this time the letter is modified with a "combination" vowel pointing, known as "Seghol Sh'va" or "Chataph Segol". "Seghol" is a short "e" sound as in "met", and "Sh'va", as we learned earlier, is a "Consonantal Pause". This is an example of a single letter syllable "e".
Our second letter is "Lamed", the letter "L", and followed by a dot at the top left, which is the vowel "o" known as "Holem Defective" and producing the syllable "lo".
The third consonant is the letter "H" for "He", pronounced "hay" which may or may not be pronounced depending upon it's position in a word. Here "He" is pronounced because it begins the syllable. We've met "Hireq Plene" before, the long "e" as in ski, and our final letter is the word ending form of the letter "Mem", giving us e.lo.heem - Elohim.
There are four other letters that have a different word ending form but we'll meet them in later lessons.